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Apple Cider Vinegar

Use: Feed Supplement

Apple Cider Vinegar is rich in vitamins, minerals and trace elements, particularly potassium. Potassium helps maximize the nutrition from feed, especially calcium, phosphorus and copper. Potassium is also important in treating mastitis. Apple cider vinegar is particularly recommended if the forage contains low levels of potassium.

The acetic and malic acid in apple cider vinegar raises the acidity in the stomach (balances the pH), which creates an unfavourable environment for bacteria and pathogens such as such as salmonella, coccidiosis oocysts and internal parasites and, therefore, helps digestion. Natural pectins in the vinegar bind to toxins and both are excreted, stimulating the immune system. A fringe benefit of adding apple cider vinegar to drinking water is that it will keep waterers free of algae and mosquito larvae. It can also be applied externally to control ringworm.

A dairy farmer in New Zealand with 900 cows adds apple cider vinegar into the dosatron which is then put into the troughs on the farm. He has less retainted membranes with calving cows since doing this. The cows also have a glossier shine to their hides.


Cattle and Dairy:

  • Treats mastitis, milk fever, ringworm and anemia.
  • Reduces somatic cell counts.
  • Increases milk production.
  • Improves curding of milk and CMRs in the maw/ rennet-bag.
  • Prevents difficult births.


  • Helps prevent intestinal stones.
  • Acts as an insect repellant.
  • Improves hoof health.


  • Reduces fecal odour.
  • Improves appetite and digestion.
  • Helps break down minerals and fats in diet.
  • Helps assimilate proteins and absorb calcium.
  • Improves quality of shells in laying hens.
  • Maintains fertility and stamina.
  • Improves quality and strength of feathers.
  • Improves overall well-being to lower stress and support the immune system.
  • Controls and eradicates internal parasites and pathogens.
  • Decreases pain and promotes healing if applied to minor wounds.
  • Helps control minor bleeding.
  • Relieves itchy skin or feather problems.

Sheep and Goats:

  • Improves the quality and yield of wool.
  • Reduces the incidence of urinary calculi and kidney stones.

Directions for Use

  • Add daily dose to water or sprinkle over feed.

Cattle and Dairy:

  • 0.67 – 1 oz or 20 – 30 mL per head per day.
  • For mastitis: 6 oz or 177 mL twice a day.
  • For pH balance: 2 oz or 60 mL/day in feed.
  • Calves 6 weeks and older: 0.16 – 0.3 oz or 5 – 10 mL.
  • Calves on milk: 0.67 oz/ 33.8 oz or 20 mL/L of milk.


  • 0.16 – 0.3 oz or 5 – 10 mL per head per day.


  • For nutritional benefits: 2 oz or 60 mL in the water.
  • For intestinal stones: 8 oz or 235 mL in the water.
  • For a fly spray: 16 oz or 473 mL of vinegar, 8 oz or 235 mL of water, 0.3 oz or 10 mL eucalyptus oil. Blend, shake and store in a spray bottle. Apply on the coats.
  • For hooves: 2 oz or 60 mL of vinegar to 1 gallon or 3.7 L of water. Blend, shake and store in a spray bottle. Spray on the hoof.


  • 1 oz/gal or 25mL/L of drinking water for 10 – 14 days to adjust pH and establish healthy gut flora.
  • Follow with maintenance periods of two days/week or one week/month.


  • 0.16 oz or 5 mL/head/day in the drinking water.


  • 0.06 – 0.1 oz or 2 – 3 mL/head/day in the drinking water.


  • Always dilute the vinegar by half.


  • Liquid
  • 1 gallon or 4 L
  • 5.2 gallons or 20 L
  • 15.85 gallons or 60 L


  • Causes severe burns to eyes, skin, digestive and respiratory tract.
  • Flammable liquid and vapour.
  • Corrosive to metal. Do not use metal water dishes, except stainless steel. Use plastic instead.
  • Do not use on poultry that may already have excessive internal inflammation or irritation.